My academic work covers an eclectic mix of interrelated topics and questions. Recently I focused on now completed lab studies using motion capture to analyze how sound is used to control skilled motions. Previously I focused on the nature of experience (phenomenal consciousness) and how it relates to neural activity in the head. I explored not only perceptual experience, but also experience in dreams, hallucination, and memory.

Research Questions


I’ve taught philosophy at a wide range of schools, including community colleges, a regional state school, a SLAC, a large public research university, and a small elite university. Here’s a list, organized by the last time I taught the course and where. I never taught it, but for those interested here is a sample syllabus for philosophy of neuroscience.

  • Philosophy of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Okanagan (Phil 446, winter 2022) | syllabus
  • Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence, York University (Cogs/Phil 3750, winter 2021) | syllabus
  • Minds, Brains, and Machines, York University (Cogs/Phil 2160, fall 2020)
  • The Examined Life, Lebanon Valley College (Phl 110, spring 2018)
  • American Philosophy: Pragmatism, Kutztown University of Pennsylvania (Phi 280, spring 2017)
  • Topics in Moral Theory: Virtue Ethics, Kutztown University of Pennsylvania (Phi 235, fall 2016)
  • Introduction to Philosophy, Kutztown University of Pennsylvania (Phi 030, fall 2017)
  • Objectivity in Perception, Rice University (Fwis 129, spring 2015)
  • Introduction to Logic, Rice University (Phil 106, summer 2014)
  • Introduction to Ethics, Lone Star College (Phil 2306, fall 2011)